Centro Cultural de Idiomas e Artes

Centro Cultural de Idiomas e Artes

Avenida Segismundo Pereira 1561
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Telefone: (34)32315248 whatsapp 9 98985248
cia.cultural@yahoo.com.br

Cursos intensivos de férias em dezembro 2018 e janeiro e fevereiro 2019.  

 (Faça em duas semanas o que faria em 6 meses, cada dia de aula equivale a uma semana de aula dada...)

Espanhol

Básico 1 – Pasaporte A1 – 1ª parte - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h – 21h Alysson

Francês

Básico 1 – Echo A1 – 1ª parte – 10/12 a 21/12/2019 das 19h – 21h 15 – Amanda

Básico 1 – Echo A1 – 1ª parte - 7/01 a 18/01/2019 das 19h – 21h 15 – Monthiely

Básico 1 – Echo A1 – 1ª parte - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h – 21h 15 – Monithiely

Básico 2 – Echo A1 – 1ª parte - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h – 21h 15 – Mariana

Pré  – Echo A2 – 2ª parte - 7/01 a 18/01/2019 das 19h – 21h 15 – Mariana

Inglês

Básico 1 - 7/01 a 18/01/2019 - 19h – 21h 15

Básico 1 -  7/01 a 18/01/2019 -das 9h – 11h 15

Básico 1 - 7/01 a 18/01/2019 - 16h – 18h 15

Básico 1 -   7/01 a 18/01/2019 das 19h - 21h 15min

Básico 1 -   21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h - 21h 15min

Básico 1 -   21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 16h - 18h 15min

Básico 2 -   21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h - 21h 15min

Básico 2 -   21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 16h - 18h 15min

Básico 2 -  7/01 a 18/01/2019 das 16h - 18h 15min

Elementary  -  7/01 a 18/01/2019 das 15h – 17h 15

Elementary -  7/01 a 18/01/2019 das 19h – 21h 15

Elementary - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h - 21h 15min 

Elementary - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 16h - 18h 15min

Pre intermediate – 7/01 a 18/01/2019 - 16h – 18h 15

Intermediate 1st part - 7/01 a 18/01/2019 - 19h – 21h 15

Intermediate 2nd part - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h - 21h

Upper Intermediate 1st part - 10/12 a 21/12 das - 19h - 21h

Conversação – 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 16h – 18h 15

Conversação – 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h – 21h 15

Italiano

Básico 1 – Progetto A1 – 1ª parte - 7/01 a 18/01/2019 -  19h – 21h 15 –

Básico 1 – Progetto A1 – 1ª parte - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 -  19h – 21h 15 -

Japonês

Básico 1 - 7/01 a 18/01/2019 das 19h – 21h 15 - Lorena

Básico 1 - 21/01 a 01/02/2019 das 19h – 21h 15 - Tiago

 

Atenção: Desconto mais que especial, meia bolsa... Matriculando-se até o dia 30/11 de 300,00 você pagará apenas 180,00 pelo curso intensivo...

(Mínimo de 5 alunos por sala)

Colônia de férias – do dia 21 a 25 de janeiro das 13h às 15h 30 – 150,00 – Gláucia

 

Reunimos no mesmo lugar cursos de idiomas, artes e muita cultura.

Nossos Cursos: Artes, Artesanato, Ballet, Cartoon, Habilidades específicas desenho, Informática, Interpretação de texto, Mangá, Musicalização, Redação e Reforço (rotina escolar).

Idiomas:Alemão, Espanhol, Francês, Inglês, Italiano, Japonês e Português

  • Ballet, Jazz, LPF(Barriga negativada), Danças urbanas.

Contato Cris Berg (34) 991780972 ou Jordana (34) 999291338

“Ligue ou mande WhatsApp e agende uma aula. ”

  • Pra quem sempre sonhou em tocar um instrumento...

“Ligue ou mande WhatsApp (34) 996776530”

Venha pessoalmente nos conhecer .... E veja nossas novidades!!!! 

 

English activities

SIMPLE PRESENT

O presente simples pode ser usado para expressar:

Negativas

Interrogativas

I do not / I don’t

Do I …?

You do not / you don’t

Do you …?

He does not / he doesn’t

Does he….?

She does not / she doesn’t

Does she…?

It does not / it doesn’t

Does it…?

We do not / we don’t

Do we…?

You do not/ you don’t

Do you …?

They do not / they don’t

Do they...?

 

 

Affirmative

Question

Negative

I like

You like

He/she/it likes

We like

You like

They like

Do I like?

Do You like?

Does He/she/it like?

Do We like?

Do They like?

I don’t like

You don’t like

He/she/it doesn’t like

We don’t  like

They don’t  like

Most verbs add –s to infinitive   Work – works /  Sit – sits /Stay – stays /play - plays

Verbs ending in consonant + y: cry – cries  /  hurry – hurries / Replay – replies - Change y to i and add – es 

Verbs ending in s, z, ch or x – miss (perder) – misses/Buzz (zumbir) buzzes/Watch–watches/Push – pushes/Fix – fixes

Exceptions – have – has   go – goes   do- does

 

1.0     Complete using verb to like.

 

I _______________________ Playing soccer.

You ____________________ gardening.

They ____________________ balls.

He ____________________ games.

She __________________ rings.

It ___________________ balls.

 

SIMPLE PRESENT

O presente simples pode ser usado para expressar:

Negativas

Interrogativas

I do not / I don’t

Do I …?

You do not / you don’t

Do you …?

He does not / he doesn’t

Does he….?

She does not / she doesn’t

Does she…?

It does not / it doesn’t

Does it…?

We do not / we don’t

Do we…?

You do not/ you don’t

Do you …?

They do not / they don’t

Do they...?

 

 

Affirmative

Question

Negative

I play

You play

He/she/it plays

We play

You play

They play

Do I play?

Do You play?

Does He/she/it play?

Do We play?

Do They play?

I don’t play

You don’t play

He/she/it doesn’t play

We don’t  play

They don’t  play

Most verbs add –s to infinitive   Work – works /  Sit – sits /Stay – stays /play - plays

Verbs ending in consonant + y: cry – cries  /  hurry – hurries / Replay – replies - Change y to i and add – es 

Verbs ending in s, z, ch or x – miss (perder) – misses/Buzz (zumbir) buzzes/Watch–watches/Push – pushes/Fix – fixes

Exceptions – have – has   go – goes   do- does

 

2.0     Write the he/she/it form of there verbs

push ________________ kiss______________repair _______________

love ______________do ___________  buy _________ hate_________

watch ______________ have ______________ wash _______________

think ___________ go ___________ sleep ___________ study________

read _________________ listen______________ miss______________

 

2.0 - Write positive or negative short answers (yes, I do/ yes she does / No, I don’t / No, he doesn’t...)

 

1.0      – Do you drive a car? _______________________

2.0      – Do you live in a big city? ___________________

3.0      – Do you have bike? ______________________

4.0      – Does your sister speak English? __________________________

5.0      – Do you play a musical instrument?________________________

6.0      – Do you like play video games? __________________________

7.0      – Does your mother work in Uberlândia? ______________________

8.0      – Does your teacher like games? ____________________________

9.0      – Do you play soccer? ____________________________________

10.0  – Do you have a computer? ________________________________

 

3.0 - Complete the sentences like in the example. Use the long form of the auxiliary.

Example: Alice ___________ a book. (not/to read)

Answer: Alice (does not read ou doesn’t read) a book.

1) Giovanna  _________________ stamps. (not/to collect)

2) You _____________ songs in the bathroom. (not/to sing)

3) Maesla _________________ in the garden. (not/to work)

4) I ___________________ at home. (not/to sit)

5) Vitória and Realina_____________ the windows. (not/to open)

6) His sister____________________ lemonade. (not/to like)

7) Neiva ____________________ the cd. (not/ to listen)

8) Barbara _________________ to school. (not/to go)

9) Rayssa _________________ the door. (not/open)

 

 

4.0 - Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of these verbs:

Close - drink – have –  open – speak – read – work - play

a.  She’s very smart. She ___________ four languages.

b.  Kariny _________________ four cups of coffee a day.

c.   We usually _______________ dinner at 7 o’clock.

d.  In my hometown the banks ________________ at 9:00 in the morning.

e.  The city Museum ___________ at 5:00 o’ clock on Saturdays.

f.    Maesla _________________ a book.

g.  I _____________  here in Cia Cultural.

h.  Neiva _______________ soccer very well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                  

PRESENT PERFECT

 

O presente perfeito é marcado pela forma: Sujeito + have/has + verbo principal no particípio + complemento. Susan has been to England. (Susan esteve na Inglaterra).

O presente perfeito pode ser usado para indicar:

 

1- Ações que começaram no passado e continuam até o presente.

She has worked at the hospital since April. (Ela trabalha/ tem trabalhado no hospital desde abril).
I have exercised at the gym lately. (Eu tenho me exercitado na academia ultimamente).
They have organized their wedding. (Eles têm organizado o casamento deles).

2- Ações que ocorreram em um tempo não determinado (indefinido) no passado.

I have been to the U.S.A. (Eu estive nos E.U.A.)
She has traveled to England. (Ela viajou para a Inglaterra).
You have made a delicious apple pie. (Você fez uma torta de maçã deliciosa).

 

3- Ações que acabaram de acontecer.

They have just left. (Eles acabaram de sair).
Jane has just made the lunch. (Jane acabou de preparar o almoço).
I have just done the dishes. (Acabei de lavar a louça).

Para as frases negativas, basta acrescentar o “not” após “have/has”. E nas frases interrogativas, basta colocar o “have/has” no início da frase.
 

Negativa

Interrogativa

I have not / I haven’t

Have I …?

You have not / you haven’t

Have you…?

He has not / he hasn’t

Has he…?

She has not / she hasn’t

Has she…?

It has not / it hasn’t

Has it…?

We have not / we haven’t

Have we…?

You have not / you haven’t

Have you…?

They have not / they haven’t

Have they…?

 

 

Ex.: She hasn’t organized the house. (Ela não organizou a casa).
They haven’t painted their house yet. (Eles ainda não pintaram a casa deles).

Has she called Susan? (Ela ligou para a Susan?).
Has he watched a lot of movies? (Ele assistiu a muitos filmes?)

 

Exercises

 

1.0 - Write sentences in present perfect simple.

 

I / be / in my room _____________________________________________

we / not / wash / the car ________________________________________

Neiva / not / forget / her homework ________________________________

they / ask / a question __________________________________________

Ronian / speak / English ____________________________________________

 

2.0 - Write questions in present perfect simple.

 

they / finish / their homework ___________________________________

Alice / kiss / Lucio ______________________________________________

the waiter / bring / the tea ______________________________________

Rita / pay / the bill _________________________________________

you / ever / write / a poem ______________________________________

 

3.0 - Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence.

  1. They have talked about art at school. _______________________________________________________________
  2. Rayssa has got a letter. _______________________________________________________________
  3. Barbara has cooked dinner. _______________________________________________________________
  4. Brenda has read seven pages. _______________________________________________________________
  5. You have heard the song 100 times. _______________________________________________________________

 

4.0 - Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Use Present Perfect.


Example: I _____________ my father's car. (to wash)

Answer: I have washed my father's car.

1) Kariny_____________ me an e-mail. (to send)

2) Pedro and Vanessa_____________ the museum. (to visit)

3) I _______________ at the pet shop. (to be)

4) They_____________ already _____________ their rucksacks. (to pack)

5) Gustavo_____________ an accident. (to have)

6) We _________________ the shopping for our grandmother. (to do)

7) I_____________ just_____________ my bike. (to clean)

8) Rayssa_____________ her room. (to paint)

9) Andrea and Luiz _____________ to a concert. (to go)

10) My friends_____________ smoking. (to give up)

 

 

 

5.0        - Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence.

 

 Luiz has built a house.___________________________________________________

Alice has crossed the street at the traffic lights.

    _____________________________________________________________________

They have never been to Australia.

_____________________________________________________________________

Rupert has dialed the number.

  ____________________________________________________________________

Betty has spent 200 euros at the shopping mall.

 

 

SIMPLE PAST - O tempo verbal Simple Past corresponde ao Passado Simples em português. Neste caso costumamos acompanhar o verbo com advérbios ou expressões de frequência que dão maior especificidade à ideia da frase, como yesterday (ontem), last ... (na última...), ago (atrás), in .... (em...), e etc.

ESTRUTURA DAS SENTENÇAS AFIRMATIVAS, NEGATIVAS E INTERROGATIVAS DOS VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES

AFIRMATIVO

NEGATIVO

INTERROGATIVO

I worked

I didn’t work

Did I work ...?

You worked

You didn’t work

Did you work ...?

He worked

He didn’t work

Did he work ...?

She worked

She didn’t work

Did she work ...?

It worked

It didn’t work

Did it work ...?

We worked

We didn’t work

Did we work...?

You worked

You didn’t work

Did you work ...?

They worked

They didn’t work

Did they work ...?

 

Casos especiais na forma afirmativa- 1º caso especial: verbos terminados em Y. Eles têm 2 possibilidades:Y precedido de vogal acrescenta-se ED play-played. Y precedido de consoante retira-se o Y acrescenta-se IED try(tentar) – tried.  *O 2º caso é o dos verbos terminados em -E, neles nós simplesmente acrescentamos o -D: love–loved. *O 3º caso especial é o dos verbos terminados em consoante+vogal+consoante, cuja sílaba tônica é a última, dobra a consoante antes de acrescentar o -ed: Occur: occurred *Nos demais casos, acrescenta-se simplesmente -ed: Work: worked

ESTRUTURA DAS SENTENÇAS AFIRMATIVAS PARA VERBOS IRREGULARES


Infinitive
(infinitivo)

Simple Past 
(Passado)

Past Participle
(Particípio)

Translation
(Tradução)

to arise

Arose

arisen

surgir,

to awake

Awoke

awoken

despertar

to be

was, were

been

ser, estar

to bear

Bore

Born

nascer

to beat

Beat

beaten

bater

to become

Became

become

tornar-se

to begin

Began

begun

começar

to bet

Bet

Bet

apostar

to bite

Bit

bitten

morder

to bleed

Bled

Bled

sangrar

to blow

Blew

blown

soprar

to break

Broke

broken

quebrar

to bring

Brought

brought

trazer

to build

Built

Built

construir

to burn

burnt (burned)

burnt (burned)

queimar

to buy

bought

bought

comprar

to catch

caught

caught

caçar

to choose

chose

chosen

escolher

to come

came

come

vir

to cost

cost

cost

custar

to cut

cut

cut

cortar

to dig

dug

dug

cavar

to do

did

done

fazer

to draw

drew

drawn

desenhar

to drink

drank

drunk

beber

to drive

drove

driven

dirigir

to eat

ate

eaten

comer

to fall

fell

fallen

cair

to feed

fed

fed

 dar de comer

to feel

felt

felt

sentir

to fight

fought

fought

lutar

to find

found

found

encontrar

to fly

Flew

flown

voar

to forbid

Forbade

forbidden

proibir

to forget

Forgot

forgotten

esquecer

to forgive

Forgave

forgiven

esquecer

to freeze

Froze

frozen

congelar

to get

Got

got / gotten

receber; conseguir;

to give

Gave

given

dar

to go

Went

gone

ir

to grow

Grew

grown

crescer

to have

Had

Had

ter

to hear

Heard

heard

ouvir,

to hide

Hid

hid / hidden

esconder, ocultar

to hit

Hit

Hit

bater, ferir

to hold

Held

Held

segurar

to hurt

Hurt

Hurt

machucar

to keep

Kept

Kept

manter

to know

Knew

known

saber,

to lead

Led

Led

conduzir

to lend

Lent

Lent

emprestar

to lose

Lost

Lost

perder

to make

Made

made

fazer, criar

to meet

Met

Met

encontrar

to pay

paid

paid

pagar

to put

put

put

colocar

to read

read

read

ler

to ride

rode

ridden

andar

to ring

rang

rung

tocar (sino, campainha)

to rise

rose

risen

levantar, erguer

to run

ran

run

correr

to say

said

said

dizer

to see

saw

seen

ver

to sell

sold

sold

vender

to send

sent

sent

enviar

to shut

shut

shut

fechar

to sleep

slept

slept

dormir

to speak

spoke

spoken

falar, dizer

to swim

swam

swum

nadar

to take

took

taken

pegar

to teach

taught

taught

ensinar

to tell

told

told

dizer

to think

thought

thought

pensar,

to throw

threw

thrown

jogar

to win

won

won

ganhar

to write

wrote

written

escrever

 

EXERCISES

1.0 - Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past).

Last year I (spend) __________________ my holiday in Ireland. It (be) __________ great. I (travel) ____________ around by car with two friends and we (visit)_____________ lots of interesting places. In the evenings we usually (go) _____________ to a pub. One night we even (learn) _______________ some Irish dances. We (be) ________________ very lucky with the weather. It (not / rain) ___________ a lot.  But we (see) ______________ some beautiful rainbows. Where (spend / you) ______________ your last holiday?

3.0 - Put the sentences into simple past.

We open the door. ____________________________________________________

You write poems. _____________________________________________________

Rita plays in the garden. ________________________________________________

Barbara does not speak English. __________________________________________

Do you see the bird? ___________________________________________________

Kariny doesn’t work in the morning. _______________________________________

The baby cries. _______________________________________________________

Brenda visits her aunt. __________________________________________________

The scientists invent new machines. ________________________________________

 

2.0 – Mark:

1. We.....the information on the magazine's website.(Find) ( )Finded  ( )Found

( ) Founded
2. She didn't...the man from going into the store. (Stop) ( )Stopped ( )Stop ( )Stoped
3. Did you.....calling him this week? (Feel like) ( )Felt like (  )Feel like (  )Feel liked
4. She........a few mistakes but, even so, she won the game. (Make) ( )Makes (  )Maked
(  )Made

 

 

 

 

 

 

                              Present continuous

 

     Affirmative                         Negative                             Interrogative     

 

I'm working
You're working
He's working
She's working

It's working

We're working
You're working

They're working

I'm not working

You aren't working
He isn't working
She isn't working
It isn't working

We aren't working
You aren't working
They aren't working

Am I working?
Are you working?
Is he working?
Is she working?
Is it working?

Are we working?
Are you working?
Are they working?

Uses

Examples

Actions that are happening now
Ações que estão ocorrendo neste exato momento (normalmente acompanhado de adverbios como: now, at the moment, today, etc)

  What are you doing? We are watching a horror film

Actions that are happening at present, but not necessarily  at this moment-Ações que estão ocorrendo no presente ainda que não necessariamente neste exato momento  (normalmente acompanhados  de adverbios como: these days, this year,   etc)

I'm studying French at the Cia Cultural this year.

Future arrangements
Planos (próximos)  futuros

João and I are having  a birthday party together next weekend

Habitual actions with a negative sense
Ações que se repetem habitualmente más que são mensionadas no sentido negativo (com o  adverbio de frequência always)

My little sister is always crying

           
 

 

EXERCISES

1.0 - Choose the correct forms of to be and form sentences in the Present Progressive.

1) Alice and Lucio  ____________  cleaning the kitchen.

2) I    _____________ reading a book at the moment.

3) It    ____________ raining.

4) We    _____________singing a new song.

5) The children  ___________   watching TV.

6) My pets  _____________   sleeping now.

7) Aunt Maesla  ____________   feeding the ducks.

8) Mariá  ____________  working.

9) He   ______________buying a magazine.

10) They    _____________ doing their homework.

 

 

1.0       - Complete using the verbs in the “Present continuous”.  

(ex. am doing, is eating).

Exemplo: Ronian is doing (do) his homework.

 

The children _________ (play) in the garden. 

 

Alice _________________ (drive) fast today. 

 

They ____________ (not talk) to each other today. 

 

Be quiet please. The baby_______________ (sleep). 

 

At the moment my wife _________ (feed) the dogs and   ____________ (water) the plants. 

 

Why___________ (you read) the letter again? Because ____________ (check) for spelling mistakes. 

 

The sky ____________ (get) dark. You'd better take an umbrella. 

 

Diogo ______________ (not study) at the moment. He ___________________(read) a comic book. 

 

Where is Carla? She__________ (sit) in the living room. What___________(she do)? She ___________ (watch) television. 

 

What a nice dress you_________________(wear) today.

3.0 - Put the verb in brackets in the correct form to make different form of the Present Continuous Tense.

1.   Gabriel __________________ (read) a book now.

2.   What__________________ (you do) tonight?

3.   Jaqueline and Ana Paula__________________ (work) late today.

4.   Kariny __________________ (not listen) to good music.

5.   Mariá __________________ (sit) next to Kariny.

6.   How many other students __________________ (you study) with?

7.   The phone__________________ (not ring).

4.0

 Mark on the RIGHT sentence

 

 

 

He's not coming for dinner

 

 

 

He snot coming for dinner

 5.0

 Mark on the RIGHT sentence

 

 

 

 

Is your brother play in the same team?

 

 

 

 

Is your brother playing in the same team?

 

6.0

   Mark on the RIGHT sentence

 

 

 

 

Luiz is siting alone near the window

 

 

 

 

Luiz is sitting alone near the window

 

                 

7.0 - Use the words below to make sentences in present CONTINUOUS.

I / to read a book – I am reading a book

1.   it / to rain ____________________________________________________

2.   he / to repair his bike ___________________________________________

3.   they / to watch a film ___________________________________________

4.   the cat /to sleep on the chair ______________________________________

5.   Alice and Kariny / to do their homework _______________________________

6.   Neiva / to wait at the bus stop _______________________________________

 

 

Phrasal verbs -

Call back - Call sb<->back

Ligar novamente; retornar uma ligação

She said she'd call you back.

Call sth<->off

Cancelar

He called the game off because of the bad weather.

Call sb<->up

Telefonar

Call me up tomorrow morning.

not care for sb/sth

Não gostar de alguém ou algo (formal)

I don't care for his friends.

Carry on with sth/
Carry sth<->on

Continuar a fazer algo

Carry on with your work while I'm away.

Come off

Sair, desaparecer

That mark on your dress won't come off.

Come out

Publicar

Paul's book is coming out next week.

Fill sth<->in (BrE)

Preencher algo (formulário, etc.)

Please fill the form in with your name and address.

Fill sth<->out
(NAmE)

Preencher algo (formulário, etc.)

The form must be filled out in capital letters.

Get in

Entrar (veículo, casa, etc.)

He got in the truck and drove off.

Get off

Sair (do trabalho com permissão); descer (do carro, do ônibus, do trem, da bicicleta)

Could I get off work early tomorrow? / The bus stopped and three people got off it.

Get on with sth

Usado para no sentido de  continuar, prosseguir fazendo algo

How are you getting on at work?

He's getting on very well at school.

Be quiet and get on with your work.

Get on / Get onto

Entrar em algo (carro, ônibus, trem, etc.)

The bus stopped to let more people get on. / He got on his motorbike and rode away.

Get out (of sth)

Sair de algum lugar; livrar-se de algo

Get out of my house now! / I wish I could get out of this meeting! I'm so busy.

Get over sth

Superar (problemas)

She can't get over her shyness.

Get over sth/sb

Recuperar-se de uma doença, perda, dificuldade, término de relacionamento, etc

Finally he has got the divorce.

Get through (to sb)

Fazer contato por telefone

I'm trying to get through but her line is always busy.

Give out

Chegar ao fim

Her patience finally gave out.

Give sth<->out

Distribuir algo

They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.

Give up

Desistir

She doesn't give up easily.

Give sth<->up

Parar com alguma atividade, largar um vício, um hábito, etc.

She didn't give up work when she had the baby. / You should give up smoking.

Go in

Entrar em algum lugar

Let's go in, it's getting cold.

Go off

Disparar (arma); explodir (bomba); disparar (alarme); apagar-se (luz, eletricidade)

The bomb went off in a crowded street. / Everybody had to leave the building when the fire alarm went off.

Go off

Estragar (alimentos)

Put the food in the fridge, otherwise it will go off.

Go on

Acontecer, suceder, continuar (uma situação, a vida, o tempo, etc)

What was going on there? / They can't go on like this - they seem to be always arguing.

Go out

Sair para ir a uma festa, restaurante, eventos sociais, etc.; apagar-se (luzes, fogo)

We are going out for dinner tonight. / There was a power cut and the lights went out.

Go out with sb/together

Namorar, sair com alguém

Damon has been going out with Karen for seven months.

Hang up

Desligar o telefone

I said goodbye and hung up the phone.

Hold on

Aguardar por pouco tempo, parar algo que se está fazendo

Hold on a minute. I'll be right back.

Hold on! This isn't the right street.

Look sth<->over

Checar algo

We looked the house over once again before we decided we would rent it.

Look sth<->up

Procurar algo (num dicionário, livro, etc.)

I looked the word up in the dictionary but I couldn't find it.

Look up to sb

Admirar, respeitar alguém

My husband has always looked up to me.

Put sb<->off

Adiar/Cancelar um encontro com alguém; perturbar, distrair, desconcentrar alguém; fazer alguém perder a vontade (de algo/de fazer algo)

It's too late to put them off now. / Don't put me off when I'm trying to concentrate. / Don't tell Lisa how hard the course is - you'll put her off!

Put sth<->off

Adiar

He keeps putting off going to the dentist.

Put sth<->on

Vestir, colocar algo; ganhar peso

Put your coat on!  He must have put on several kilos.

Speak up

Falar mais alto

Speak up! I can't hear a word you are saying!

Stay up/out

Ficar acordado

I stayed up late yesterday.

Take off

Decolar

The plane took off two hours later.

Take sth<->off

Tirar algo (roupas, sapato, joias, etc.)

Come in and take your shoes off.

Turn sth<->off

Apagar algo (luz), fechar algo (torneira), desligar algo (TV, motor)

Please turn the television off before you go to bed.

Turn sth<->on

Acender (luz), abrir (torneira), ligar (TV, motor)

I'll turn on the heating.

Try sth<->on

Experimentar algo (roupas, sapatos, etc.)

Try the shoes on before you by them.

Wake up

Ficar mais atento e interessado

Wake up and listen!

1. Complete with one of these phrasal verbs: be through, go on, fill in, take off, stay out, speak up.

EX. 1. I´ll never talk to you again. We are through!

2. Could you ………. this application form, please?

3. If you don´t ………., we can´t hear you.

4. I´m tired because I ………. too late last night.

5. The plane ………. late because of the bad weather.

 

2. Complete with one of these phrasal verbs: go off, put off, see off, take off, turn off.

EX. 1. Let´s go to the airport to see them off.

2. The plane doesn´t ………. till 5 o´clock.

3. He was sleeping soundly when the alarm clock ……….

4. The meeting has been ………. till next month.

5. Don´t forget to ………. all the lights when you leave.

 

3. Complete with: carry on, get on, hold on, put on, try on.

1. Hi! Is Mr. Knight in?

 ………., I´ll call him.

2. Excuse me, could I ………. this dress, please?

3. How are you ………. at college?

4. Are you still ………. with your tennis lessons?

5. It was a bit chilly, so she ………. her jacket.

 

4. Complete with: give up, hang up, look up, wake up, wash up.

1. The kind of housework I hate most is

2. If he rings back, just ……….

3. I didn´t know that word, so I ………. it ………. in a dictionary.

4. Don´t ……….. You can do it if you try hard.

5. When I ………. in the middle of the night, I had some temperature.

 

5. Match the phrasal verbs with their corresponding synonyms.

1. put off           a. cancel

2. call off           b. switch off

3. look up          c. postpone

4. go off            d. continue

5. carry on                e. explode

6. turn off          f. check

 

Answers

Exercise 1

1. fill in

2. are through

3. speak up

4. stayed out

5. takes off / took off

Exercise 2

1. see them off

2. take off

3. went off

4. put off

5. turn off

Exercise 3

1. hold on

2. try on

3. getting on

4. carrying on

5. put on

Exercise 4

1. washing up

2. hang up

3. looked it up

4. give up

5. woke up

Exercise 5

1. put off – postpone

2. call off – cancel

3. look up – check

4. go off – explode

5. carry on – continue

6. turn off – switch off

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Used to

 

Used to shows that:

  • a particular thing always happened or was true in the past.
  • But it no longer happens or is no longer true now:

Examples:

  • David used to live in Madrid.
  • She used to exercise every morning, but since she had that terrible accident she doesn't exercise anymore.
  • Why don't you come and see me like you used to?

 

Forms of used to

Here are the interrogative, affirmative and negative forms of used to

  • Did you use to exercise regularly?
  • Yes, I used to go jogging nearly everyday.
  • No, I didn't use to exercise on a regular basis.

 

Used to, be used to, get used to

1.Used to shows that a particular thing always happened or was true in the past (see examples above)

2.Be used to is used to say that something is normal, not unusual.

Examples:

  • I'm used to living alone.
  • Don't worry, John is used to driving for long hours. He has worked as a professional driver for 20 years.

3.Get used shows that something is in the process of becoming normal.

Examples:

  • He doesn't like that small town, but he'll get used to it.
  • She found the heels too high, but she got used to them.
  • Since the divorce, she has become very sad. But I think she'll get used to her new life.
  • got used to living in Canada in spite of the cold weather.

4. Get used to and be used to are followed by either a noun or a gerund.

Get used to + noun

Get used to + gerund (verb+ing)

got used to the noise
I'm used to the cold weather

got used to waking up early
I'm used to working late at night

 

Exercises

Choose the correct word.

  1. He used to ________________fat but now he's thin (be/ being)
  2. He isn't used to _____________in these bad conditions. (work/working)
  3. How did you get used to ___________ in the middle of this mess. (work/ Working)
  4. Did you ___________ write poems when you were young? (used to/ use)
  5. I need some time to get used to _____________ in this town. (live/ living)
  6. Sting used to ____________ a teacher before he became a famous singer.(be/ being)
  7. I'm not used to _________________ linen by hand.(wash/ washing)
  8. She'll get used to ______________ in the extremely cold winter of Siberia. (live/ living)
  9. My mother didn't _______ drink much coffee.But now she has become addicted to it.(used to/use)
  10. There used to _______ a lot of trees in this court yard. They have all been cut down. (be/being)

(be – working – working – used to – living – be – washing – living – used to – be)

Used x would - Form

Affirmative: used to + infinitive
Negative: didn’t use to + infinitive
Question: did + subject + use to

Used to – would

1.      Used to is used to talk about habitual or regular actions or states in the past that are now finished.

·         I used to have a dog. (I had a dog in the past but I don’t have a dog now)

·         I used to play football every weekend but I don’t have time now.

·         Did you use to go swimming when you were at school?

·         I didn’t use to like action films, but I love them now.

·         I never used to like spinach. (but now I eat it every day)

2.      Would is also used to talk about habitual actions in the past, but not to talk about past states.

·         When I was young I used to go fishing with my father every summer. (correct)
When I was young I would go fishing with my father every summer. (correct)

·         She used to have a house in the country. (correct)
She would have a house in the country. (incorrect)

Would versus Used (to)

 


WOULD – FORMER ROUTINE

Would and used (to) have very similar meanings and can often be used in the same situations.  Would expresses that an activity was routine, typical behavior, frequently repeated.

SUBJECT

PREDICATE

COMP / ADJUNCT

NP

MODAL V

PLAIN FORM VERB

We

would

go to the beach after school.

We

would

put on our swimsuits.

We

would  

head  for the waves.

The guys

would

smoke and act "cool".

(you) →

Would you

smoke too? 

Used (to) – Former Habit

Use (to) (used in the past tense) expresses that an activity was a past habit; it occurred at an earlier stage of life but not now. It focuses on the habit, not duration or frequency.

 

SUBJECT

PREDICATE

COMP / ADJUNCT

 

NP

PAST-PART. V

INFIN CLS

 

We

used

to go to the beach after school.

 

We

used

to put on our swimsuits. 

 

We

used

to head for the waves.

 

The guys

used

to smoke and act "cool".

 

(you) →  

Did you use¹

to smoke

 

           
 

 

Exercises

 

1.0 -  If it’s possible, make a sentence with ‘would + infinitive’. If it’s not possible, use ‘used to + infinitive’:

 

I / have short hair when I was a teenager 

______________________________________________________________

We / go to the same little café for lunch every day when I was a student

____________________________________________________________________

She / love playing badminton before she hurt her shoulder 

______________________________________________________________

He / walk along the beach every evening before bed 

______________________________________________________________

I / always lose when I played chess with my father

______________________________________________________________

She / be able to dance very well

 

 

The First conditional

 

We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are likely to happen.

  • If we take John, he'll be really pleased.
  • If you give me some money, I'll pay you back tomorrow.
  • If they tell us they want it, we'll have to give it to them.
  • If Mary comes, she'll want to drive.

The 'if' clause can be used with different present forms.

  • If I go to New York again, I'll buy you a souvenir from the Empire State Building.
  • If he's feeling better, he'll come.
  • If she hasn't heard the bad news yet, I'll tell her.

The "future clause" can contain 'going to' or the future perfect as well as 'will'.

  • If I see him, I'm going to tell him exactly how angry I am.
  • If we don't get the contract, we'll have wasted a lot of time and money.

The "future clause" can also contain other modal verbs such as 'can' and 'must'.

  • If you go to New York, you must have the cheesecake in Lindy's.
  • If he comes, you can get a lift home with him.

·         First Conditional  Exercise at Auto-English

IF + PRESENT SIMPLE , WILL + INFINITIVE

WILL + INFINITIVE + IF + PRESENT SIMPLE

 

1.0 - Fill the gap using the verb in brackets.Three gaps need a NEGATIVE verb and watch out for the third person S!

1

If Clare ___________________   late again, the hockey trainer will be furious. (to arrive)

2

You'll be sorry if you ___________________  for your exams. (to revise)

3

We ___________________  if the weather's good. (to go)

4

They ___________________  you if you wear a wig and dark glasses. (to recognise)

5

If the bus ___________________ on time, I won't miss the football. (to be)

6

If you ___________________ your homework now, you'll be free all tomorrow. (to do)

7

We___________________  out if there's no food at home. (to eat)

8

You'll find life much easier if you ___________________ more often. (to smile)

9

If it's hot, we___________________  for a swim. (to go)

10

You'll do it better if you ___________________ more time over it. (to take)

11

If she ___________________ practising, she'll get better. (to keep)

12

Mum will be very sad if Jim ___________________ Mother's Day again. (to forget)

13

I___________________  so happy if I pass the exam. (to be)

14

You'll be really tired tomorrow if you ___________________  to bed soon. (to go)

15

The government ___________________  the next election if they continue to ignore public opinion. (to lose)

16

If Valencia FC win the Spanish football league, I___________________  my hair blue. (to dye)

17

If someone ___________________ you a bike, you can come with us. (to lend)

 

2.0 -  Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

a. We will pass (pass) the examination if we study hard.

b. If you ______________  (go) to see this film, you will have a good time.

c. If he  _________________ (play) sport, he will live longer.

d. She  _____________ (not be) an architect if she doesn’t go to university.

e. They _________________  (ring) us if we give them our phone number.

f. If we  _______________ (not solve) the problem, we won’t get the prize.

 

3.0 -  Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

a. If we (not go) now, we (miss) the bus. If we don’t go now, we will miss the bus.

b. You (be) tired if you (not sleep). 

 ___________________________________________________________

c. If the Spanish team (get) to the final match, they (be) the World Champions.

___________________________________________________________

 

4.0 -  Write sentences using the first conditional.

a. the weather / be good we / go /to the beach tomorrow.

If the weather is good, we will go to the beach tomorrow.

b. you / go / to school on foot  you / be / late.

    ___________________________________________________________       

c. I / have / money  I /, buy / you a present.

   ___________________________________________________________                

d. I / do / my homework  I / find / my notebook.

        ___________________________________________________________           

e. My mum / give / me five pounds  I / do / the washing-up.

         ___________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

Will and going

Usa-se GOING TO:

§  quando se tem certeza do que vai acontecer, uma decisão já tomada.

Situação 1

§  What color are you going to paint your kitchen? (Que cor você vai pintar sua cozinha?)

§  I´m going to paint it white. (Vou pintá-la de branco.)

Situação 2

§  - What are you going to do after class tonight? (O que você vai fazer após a aula hoje à noite?)

§  - I´m going to stop by at my uncle´s house to pick up some books. (Vou passar na casa do meu tio para pegar alguns livros.)

para se fazer previsões sobre o que vai acontecer.

§  I think the concert is going to be good. (Acho que o show vai ser bom.)

§  I think it´s going to rain. (Acho que vai chover.)

Usa-se WILL:

com expressões como “I THINK”, “MAYBE”, “I´M SURE”.

§  I think you´ll do well on the test. (Acho que você irá bem na prova.)

§  Maybe I´ll go to the movies tonight. (Talvez eu vá ao cinema hoje à noite.)

§  I´m sure everything will be all right. (Tenho certeza de que tudo ficará bem.)

para se oferecer a fazer algo.

§  The phone´s ringing! (O telefone está tocando.)

§  Don´t worry, I´ll get it. (Não se preocupe, eu atendo.)

quando se resolve fazer algo na hora da fala.

§  Sir, will you have red wine or white wine? (O senhor aceita vinho tinto ou branco?)

§  Mmm, I´ll have red wine. (Mmm, aceito o vinho tinto.)

Well, I hope this tip will help you. If you have any doubts or questions, post your comments here and I’ll answer them ASAP (as soon as possible)!

 

Going to or Will ? Exercise at Auto-English

going to

-plans

-when you can see what's going to happen

will

-immediate decisions

-scientific predictions

 
 

Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets using either the going to or will form of the future tense.

1

Sally: There's no milk left!

 

Betty: Oh. I _______________  some from the shop. (get) 

2

The population of Valencia _______________  2 million by the year 2010. (reach)

3

Mum: I told you to tidy up your room.

 

Son:  Sorry, Mum, I forgot. I _______________  it after lunch.(do)

4

Sally: Why don't we meet for coffee on Friday morning?

 

Willy:  Sorry. I can't. I _______________  the doctor then. (see)

5

"Tomorrow _______________  a bright and sunny day everywhere in Spain, except in La Coruña," said the weatherwoman. (be)

6

Look at that big black cloud. I think it _______________  . (rain)

7

Sally: What are your plans for the week-end?

 

Betty: Brad Pitt phoned. We _______________  on a picnic. (go)

8

Betty: Have you booked the flights yet?

 

Sally: Don't worry. It's all organized. I _______________  to the travel agent's tomorrow morning. (go)

9

In the future people _______________  bigger heads. (have)

10

If we miss the bus, we _______________  a taxi. (take)

11

Next month I _______________  a DVD player.  (buy)

12

When _______________  you _______________  another party?  (have)

13

I've got to go to the dentist this morning. _______________  you _______________  with me?  (come)

14

Oh no! I think I _______________  .  (sneeze)

   

 

 

 

SIMPLE PAST - O tempo verbal Simple Past corresponde ao Passado Simples em português. Neste caso costumamos acompanhar o verbo com advérbios ou expressões de frequência que dão maior especificidade à ideia da frase,como YESTERDAY (ontem) ,last ... (na última...), ago (atrás), in .... (em...), e etc. 

Casos especiais -*1º caso especial: verbos terminados em Y. Eles têm 2 possibilidades: Y precedido de VOGAL acrescenta ED – play – played – Y precedido de CONSOANTE  retira-se o Y acrescenta IED – try – tried  

*O 2º caso é o dos verbos terminados em -E, neles nós simplesmente acrescentamos o -D: love – loved   *O 3º caso especial é o dos verbos terminados em consoante+vogal+consoante, cuja sílaba tônica é a última, dobra a consoante antes de acrescentar o -ed: Occur: occurred *Nos demais casos, acrescenta-se simplesmente -ed: Work: worked

ESTRUTURA DAS SENTENÇAS AFIRMATIVAS PARA VERBOS IRREGULARES O verbo é irregular quando, ao ser conjugado, por exemplo, ele muda toda a sua estrutura. Nesse caso, para ele ficar no passado, temos que consultar uma lista de verbos para, depois, através do uso, ir memorizando. Alguns verbos irregulares com os respectivos passados:

INFINITIVO

PASSADO

TO LAY

LAID

TO AWAKE

AWOKE

TO SEE

SAW

TO BUY

BOUGHT

TO RING

RANG

TO FORGET

FORGOT

TO UNDERSTAND

UNDERSTOOD

 

Exemplos: I forgot my keys. (Eu esqueci as chaves.) I saw you yesterday at the bus station. (Eu te vi ontem no ponto de ônibus.)

ESTRUTURA DAS SENTENÇAS NEGATIVAS DOS VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES - Para escrever uma sentença negativa no Simple Past utiliza-se o verbo auxiliar did + not – mais utilizado na escrita, pois é formal – ou sua forma contracta didn’t – mais utilizada na fala, pois é informal – antes da forma básica do verbo sem o to, exemplo:1-I did not buy the piano yesterday. (Eu não toquei piano ontem.)2-My parents didn’t travel to Porto Seguro last year. (Meus pais não viajaram para Porto Seguro no ano passado.)Ao colocar a sentença na negativa, é interessante observar que como o verbo auxiliar na negativa, o didn’t, já está no passado (pois é o passado de do), o verbo principal não tem a terminação –ed.

ESTRUTURA DAS SENTENÇAS INTERROGATIVAS DOS VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES -Na forma interrogativa do Simple Past utiliza-se o verbo auxiliar did antes do sujeito na frase. Note que o verbo principal fica na sua forma básica sem o to e sem -ed, pois o verbo auxiliar já se encontra no passado. Observe o exemplo:1-Did you run yesterday? (Você correu ontem?)2-Did Mariah watch Harry Potter last week? (A Mariah assistiu Harry Potter semana passada?)

AFIRMATIVO

NEGATIVO

INTERROGATIVO

I worked

I didn’t work

Did I work ...?

You worked

You didn’t work

Did you work ...?

He worked

He didn’t work

Did he work ...?

She worked

She didn’t work

Did she work ...?

It worked

It didn’t work

Did it work ...?

We worked

We didn’t work

Did we work...?

You worked

You didn’t work

Did you work ...?

They worked

They didn’t work

Did they work ...?

 

 

 

EXERCISES

1.0-    Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past).

1.    Last year I (spend) __________________ my holiday in Ireland.

2.    It (be) _______________ great.

3.    I (travel) ______________ around by car with two friends and we   (visit)______________ lots of interesting places.

4.    In the evenings we usually (go) _____________ to a pub.

5.    One night we even (learn) _______________ some Irish dances.

6.    We (be) ________________ very lucky with the weather.

7.    It (not / rain) _______________________ a lot.

8.    But we (see) ______________ some beautiful rainbows.

9.    Where (spend / you) ______________ your last holiday?

 

1.0       – Write questions:

 

1. Anna / the window / open _____________________________________________________

2. she / home / walk ____________________________________________________________

3. you / in the garden / work ______________________________________________________

4. she / on a chair / sit ___________________________________________________________

5. you / a song / sing ____________________________________________________________

6. she / happy / be ______________________________________________________________

 

2.0    –  Rewrite the sentences in the negative.

 

1.     They collected postcards ___________________________________________

2.     You jumped high. ________________________________________________

3.     Albert played squash______________________________________________

4.     The teacher tested our English. _____________________________________

5.     Fiona visited her grandma. _________________________________________

6.     He washed the car. _______________________________________________

7.     You were thirsty. _________________________________________________

8.     He had a computer. ______________________________________________

9.     I bought Bread___________________________________________________

10. You saw the house.  ______________________________________________

11. You collected postcards___________________________________________

12. He jumped. ________________________________________________

13. Ana played squash______________________________________________

14. The doctot tested our spanish. _____________________________________

15. Maesla visited her grandpa. ________________________________________

16. She washed the bike.______________________________________________

17. They were thirsty. ________________________________________________

 

PRESENT PERFECT  - O presente perfeito é marcado pela forma:

Sujeito + have/has + verbo principal no particípio + complemento.
Susan has been to England. (Susan esteve na Inglaterra).

O presente perfeito pode ser usado para indicar:

1- Ações que começaram no passado e continuam até o presente.

She has worked at the hospital since April. (Ela trabalha/ tem trabalhado no hospital desde abril).
I have exercised at the gym lately. (Eu tenho me exercitado na academia ultimamente).
They have organized their wedding. (Eles têm organizado o casamento deles).

2- Ações que ocorreram em um tempo não determinado (indefinido) no passado.

I have been to the U.S.A. (Eu estive nos E.U.A.)
She has traveled to England. (Ela viajou para a Inglaterra).
You have made a delicious apple pie. (Você fez uma torta de maçã deliciosa).

3- Ações que acabaram de acontecer.

They have just left. (Eles acabaram de sair).
Jane has just made the lunch. (Jane acabou de preparar o almoço).
I have just done the dishes. (Acabei de lavar a louça).

Para as frases negativas, basta acrescentar o “not” após “have/has”. E nas frases interrogativas, basta colocar o “have/has” no início da frase.
 

Negativa

Interrogativa

I have not / I haven’t

Have I …?

You have not / you haven’t

Have you…?

He has not / he hasn’t

Has he…?

She has not / she hasn’t

Has she…?

It has not / it hasn’t

Has it…?

We have not / we haven’t

Have we…?

You have not / you haven’t

Have you…?

They have not / they haven’t

Have they…?

 

Ex.: She hasn’t organized the house. (Ela não organizou a casa).
They haven’t painted their house yet. (Eles ainda não pintaram a casa deles).

Has she called Susan? (Ela ligou para a Susan?).
Has he watched a lot of movies? (Ele assistiu a muitos filmes?)

Exercises

1.0 - Write sentences in present perfect simple.

they / ask / a question __________________________________________

he / speak / English ____________________________________________

I / be / in my room _____________________________________________

we / not / wash / the car ________________________________________

Annie / not / forget / her homework ________________________________

 

2.0 - Write questions in present perfect simple.

they / finish / their homework ___________________________________

Sue / kiss / Ben ______________________________________________

the waiter / bring / the tea ______________________________________

Marilyn / pay / the bill _________________________________________

you / ever / write / a poem ______________________________________

3.0 - Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence.

  1. They have talked about art at school. _______________________________________________
  2. Jane has got a letter. _____________________________________________________
  3. Oliver has cooked dinner. _____________________________________________________
  4. Caron has read seven pages. _____________________________________________________
  5. You have heard the song 100 times. ________________________________________________

4.0 - Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Use Present Perfect.
Example: I _____________ my father's car. (to wash) Answer: I have washed my father's car.

1) Karen________________________ me an e-mail. (to send)

2) Dave and Pat___________________ the museum. (to visit)

3) I _____________________ at the pet shop. (to be)

4) They_____________ already _____________ their rucksacks. (to pack)

5) Marcus______________ an accident. (to have)

6) We _________________ the shopping for our grandmother. (to do)

7) I_____________ just_____________ my bike. (to clean)

8) Ana Paula___________________ her room. (to paint)

9) Maesla and Gabriel _________________________ to a concert. (to go)

10) My friends________________________ smoking. (to give up)

5.0 - Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence.

1.    Wendel has built a house.________________________________________

2.    Alice has crossed the street at the traffic lights.

    _______________________________________________________________

3.    They have never been to Australia. _____________________________

4.    Rupert has dialled the number.

  _______________________________________________________________

5.    Betty has spent 200 euros at the shopping mall.

  _______________________________________________________________

 

 

 

Passive voice

A voz passiva é utilizada para contar o que acontece com os objetos da ação. Ao contrário da voz ativa, que contamos o que o sujeito realiza. Exemplos:

Voz ativa: “Joca lavou o carro” (Joca washed the car)
Voz passiva: “O carro foi lavado” (The car was washed). Na maioria das vezes a voz passiva só é utilizada quando a ação for mais importante do que o sujeito. Exemplos: - Brazil was discovered in 1500 (O Brasil foi descoberto em 1500, voz passiva) - - Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brasil (Pedro A.C. descobriu o Brasil, voz ativa). O passive voice pode ser utilizado em quase todos os tempos verbais do inglês, exceto o “future progressive” e os “perfect progressive”.

Abaixo uma tabela com as formas nos respectivos tempos verbais:

Active

Passive

Time Reference

They make Fords in Cologne. (Eles produzem Fords em Cologne)

Fords are made in Cologne. (Fords são produzidos em Cologne)

Present Simple

Susan is cooking dinner. (Susan está cozinhando o jantar)

Dinner is being cooked by Susan (O jantar está sendo cozinhado por Susan)

Present Continuous

James Joyce wrote “Dubliners”. (James Joyce escreveu “Dubliners”)

“Dubliners” was written by James Joyces. (Dubliners foi escrito por James Joyce)

Past Simple

They were painting the house when I arrived. (Eles estavam pintando a casa quando eu cheguei)

The house was being painted when I arrived. (A casa estava sendo pintada quando eu cheguei)

Past Continuous

They have produced over 20 models in the past two years. (Eles têm produzido mais de 20 modelos nos últimos 2 anos)

Over 20 models have been produced in the past two years. (Mais de 20 modelos tem sido produzidos nos últimos 2 anos)

Present Perfect

They are going to build a new factory in Portland. (Eles estão indo construir uma nova fábrica em Portland)

A new factory is going to be built in Portland. (Uma nova fábrica está para ser construída em Portland)

Future Intention with Going to

I will finish it tomorrow. (Eu vou terminar isto amanhã)

It will be finished tomorrow. (Isto será terminado amanhã)

Future Simple

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercises

01. A voz passiva de I’m reading the magazine é:
 a) The magazine is being read (by me).
b) The magazine was being read (by me).
c) The magazine has been read (by me).
d) The magazine had been read (by me).
e) The magazine were read (by me).
 

02. He said: “Can you show me your passport?”
 a) He asked me can you show your passport?
b) He asked to show my passport.
c) He asked: show you passport.
d) He asked to me show you passport.
e) He asked me whether I could show him my passport.
 
03. He said: “ I am sweeping my floor.”
 a) He said he sweeps his floor.
b) He said he was sweeping his floor.
c) He said that he was sweeping my floor.
d) He said his floor sweeps.
e) He said that floors are to be swept.
 
04. She said to me: “Go!”
She told me_______________.
 a) had           b) going         c) go   d) to go          e) has gone

05. They said to us: “Don’t go!” They told us ________________.
 a) go to not      b) not go     c) not going  d) not to go    e) going not
 
 06. I said to him: "I'll leave soon." I told him that I ______ soon.
 a) will leave             b) 'd left          c) 's left                      d) 'd leave                 e) am leaving
 
07. (FATEC) She said: "I had to leave". - She said (that) ______.
 a) she is leaving     b) she had leaving  c) she had to leaves  d) she had to leave
e) she had to leaving
 

08. (UNESP) Sue asked Barbara: "What movie do you want to see?"
Sue asked her what movie ______________
 a) did she want to see.      b) does she want to see.               c) to see.
d) she wanted to see.     e) she want to see.
 

09. He said: "I have slept a lot".
 a) He said: slept a lot, I have.                  b) He said: I have slept a lot.
c) He told slept a lot.                                   d) He told me to sleep a lot.
e) He said he had slept a lot.
 
10. She said to me: "I'm washing my car."
 a) She said that she washes cars.
b) She said that she was washing her car.
c) She said to wash her car.
d) She said to her car: wash!
e) She said she is washes cars.
 
Resolução:

01. A

02. E

03. B

04. D

05. D

06. D

07. D

08. D

09. E

10. B